Why LedaFlow?

At the beginning of the 21st century, offshore production became more complex with each new project, moving into deep waters, and to areas with harsh environments. The design and operation of these new developments were pushing the limits of available multiphase flow simulation capabilities. At the same time, the demands on efficient risk and cost control increased. The development of LedaFlow started with the objective to give the industry the tool it needed to tackle those new challenges.

Our vision

LedaFlow has been and is developed with the vision that it becomes a preferred technology platform and engineering tool for multiphase flow analysis and flow assurance studies.

LedaFlow shall
• Improve decision quality and help reducing costs.
• Enable net zero GHG ambitions by supporting the development of CCS technologies.

One license = all functionality

LedaFlow Engineering includes all features needed for the flow assurance and well performance workflow and is routinely applied in all phases of the life cycle of a project.

All of this functionality is provided at no extra cost to clients leasing or purchasing LedaFlow. There are no expensive modules to gain additional functionality.

Thermodynamics

Constant fluid properties
Black Oil
PVT tables
Composition tracking
Steam / Water
Generic single component (with phase change).

Custom fluids

Inhibitors in all 3 phases
Drilling muds, tracers, dead oils
Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids
Compressible gas.

Rigorous thermal modelling

3 energy equations
Partially and fully buried pipe
Annulus (symmetric and asymmetric)

Slugging analysis

LedaFlow Slug capturing®
Slug size
Slug statistics module.

Production chemistry and integrity

Emulsion modelling
Corrosion
Erosion
Hydrate margins and transportation
Wax margins and deposition -Sand deposition indicators
Flow induced pulsation (FLIP)
Force calculations in bends.

Process equipment

Separator
Pig (simple and bypass)
Pipe heat source
Flexible pipe wall
Valves (incl. hydro short and long path)
Leak
Gas lift valve
Controllers
Multiphase pump
User defined phase split.

Inflow

Mass and pressure boundaries
Sources
Well with IPR definition.

Visualization tools

2D plotting
3D visualization
Device/Boundary chart
Automatic turndown curve generator.

Workflow

Graphical User Interface
Well builder
Excel Add-in
User preferences
Parametric and sensitivity study analysis
Profile tools
Tuning
Simulation manager
Input and output file generator
Purging tool
Model change logger
OLGA to LedaFlow converter
Integrated scripting environment.

Below are the main features LedaFlow offers to enhance your understanding of what is happening in a production network.

Increased resolution with the multi-field approach

LedaFlow solves the mass balance equations for all nine fields (gas, oil and water in the bulk and two dispersed fields per phase) while momentum and energy equations are solved for the three continuous phases. This detailed approach enables closer matching to laboratory and field data.

Multifield approach
Advanced thermal modelling

Advanced thermal modelling

As LedaFlow solves separate energy equations for all three phases, much more accurate information can be determined during stratified flow and during blow down conditions where the temperature of the slower moving liquids at the bottom of a pipe can differ considerably from the gas flowing above. In addition, a buried pipe model provides the user with a heat conduction model from the inner surface of the pipe through to the exterior surface of the soil. This is particularly important for estimating corrosion rates and pipe-wall temperatures, information that is critical for material selection and for hydrate risks prediction.

LedaFlow Slug capturing®: a unique method to predict the initiation and growth of hydrodynamic slugs

LedaFlow uses a Unit Cell Model for modelling terrain and riser induced slugging. It also includes Slug Capturing which is the first commercially available solution to accurately predict hydrodynamic slug behavior without user input. It captures the initiation and growth of waves and hydrodynamic slugs using higher-order numerical methods. The analysis of slugs is facilitated by slug statistics and slug size tools.

Slug flow modelling

A novel approach for hydrate management with the hydrate transport module

The hydrate transport model calculates the formation and transport of hydrate particles. It is used to evaluate the possibility to operate inside the hydrate risk region by taking into account the effect of inhibitors, the changes in temperature due to the heat of reaction and the effect on fluid properties. This model complements the hydrate management tools which are traditionally used by the industry and which are also available in LedaFlow: hydrate curve configuration, inhibitor injection, electrical heating, hydrate margins calculation, etc.

Wax formation, melting and deposition

The wax deposition module simulates creation, melting and deposition of wax. It is used to determine the pigging frequency required to keep wax deposits under control. The model takes into account the changes in pressure and temperature as well as the effect on fluid properties. This model can be combined with other tools traditionally used for wax risk management studies, e.g. inhibitor injection, electrical heating, wax margin calculations, etc.

Profile tools

An easy way to work on your profile data

The use of representative profile models during the design phase of new multiphase projects is critical. LedaFlow includes a group of tools to generate profiles that are suitable for dynamic simulations. These tools include several filtering methods, a simplification tool based on the methodology developed by Erich Zakarian [1] and a an algorithm that can generate a realistic profile when data is missing.

Simulate a steam network with the pure steam/water option

Although LedaFlow has been developed for the oil and gas industry, it is also applied for simulating networks of steam pipes or pipes containing pure liquid water, thanks to a special non-equilibrium mass transfer term that models boiling and condensation.

A software-based solution to ensure the continuous flow of oil and gas from the reservoir to the processing facilities – in a safe, economical and environmentally friendly way.

C/O Kongsberg Digital AS

Lysaker Torg 35
1366 Lysaker
Norway

+47 920 600 74
post@ledaflow.com

Fueled by BENZIN AS